Influenza, commonly known as “flu”, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus also known as acute respiratory infection. It is not limited to humans, most mammals and many birds can also hook influenza. The virus is spread through the air from coughs or sneezes. It can also be spread by touching surfaces polluted by the virus and then touching the mouth or eyes.
The most common symptoms include:
- Nasal congestion
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
- Ear pressure
- Muscle pains
- Irritated, watering eyes
- Reddened eyes, skin (especially face), mouth, throat and nose
- Petechial rash
- In children, gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain,(may be severe in children with influenza B)
Complications in influenza may grip pneumonia, secondary bacterial pneumonia, sinus problems, and falling of previous health problems such as asthma or heart failure.
- Gargling: A salt water gargle can relief a sore throat for this mix up the solution with a teaspoon of salt dissolved into a pint of previously boiled water that’s been permitted to cool.
- Warm drinks: Having warming drinks reliefs’ stuffiness and aids soothe nose and throat. Some cold and flu medicines are made with boiled water but a cup of tea may also make you feel a bit better.
- Steamy shower: shower may feel you good and better still breathing in the steam helps to cleanse the nasal passages.
- Grab an extra pillow in bed: Keeping the head a little higher can help relieve jammed passages in the nose.
- Steaming, vaporizers and humidifiers: Inhale steam to comfort your jamming and dripping nose. You can buy steaming devices. Vaporizers, as are humidifiers.
- Salt water (saline) nose rinsing: A salt water solution for the nose, saline nasal rinse – is an actual way to ease nasal and also clear out viruses and bacteria from the nose.
Visit your Doctor: Most coughs and colds will pass with time, but if these symptoms come on suddenly, and are combined with aching, headaches or a fever; it’s time to schedule an appointment with your doctor. Antiviral medication works best within 48 hours of getting sick.
Get vaccination: you should take flu vaccination every year as it protects you against the current strains of flu also body immunity to the virus decays overtime, which is another reason why is it important to keep going back yearly vaccination.
Sanitize your stuff:
The influenza virus is a tough virus. It can live on hard surfaces for up to 24 hours. Clean and sterilize your surroundings and the things you use often, like your cell phone or laptop. Linens and dishes should be carefully washed before anyone else uses them.