“A guide to Infants and children Vaccination”

Vaccinated your child on time will help protect him or her against with bellow 11 vaccine-preventable diseases.

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Ask your child’s healthcare provider if your child is up to date with all recommended vaccines. Vaccination protects children from serious illness and complications of vaccine-preventable disease

Immunization and its due dates:

  1. Vaccine: Chickenpox (varicella; Var)

It is caused by the varicella virus. Chicken pox is a highly contagious rash. This infection is especially dangerous in adults who don’t have immunity form this vaccine.

Your child needs 2 doses of chickenpox vaccine. The first dose is given at 12–15 months and the second at 4–6 years.

  1. Vaccine: Diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough (pertussis; DTaP)

This is combination of vaccines against three infectious diseases in humans: diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus.

Child needs 5 doses of DTaP vaccine. At 2 months the first dose is given, the second at 4 months, the third at 6 months, the fourth at 15–18 months, and the fifth at 4–6 years

  1. Vaccine: Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib)

This is the bacterium that causes meningitis, and particularly dangerous for children under the age of 5.

Your child needs 3–4 doses of Hib vaccine, depending on the brand of vaccine. The first dose is given at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6 months (if needed), and the last at 12-15 months.

  1. Vaccine: Hepatitis A (HepA)

This is a viral infection that can spread from sharing food or drinks or by putting contaminated food or objects in their mouths.

Your child needs 2 doses of hepatitis A vaccine. The first dose is given at age 1 year & the second 6–12 months later.

  1. Vaccine: Hepatitis B (HepB)

The vaccine protects against an incurable, liver-infecting virus, hepatitis B, this can be passed to a baby during birth if the mother is infected or can spread sharing utensils, comb and tooth brushing of infected person or through contact with blood or other fluid of the body.

Your child needs 3–4 doses of hepatitis B vaccine. The first dose is given at birth, the second is at 1–2 months, and third dose is at 4 months (if required), and the last at 6–18 months.

  1. Vaccine: Influenza (Flu)

Everyone age 6 months and older needs influenza vaccination every fall or winter and for the rest of their lives.

Some children younger than age 9 years need 2 doses. Ask your child’s Doctor if your child needs more than 1dose.

  1. Vaccine: Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR)

These are three different diseases which are caused by three different viruses. The vaccines given to immunize against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) are all combined into one injection.

Your child needs 2 doses of MMR vaccine. The first dose is given at 12–15 months and the second at 4–6 years.

  1. Vaccine: Meningococcal (MCV4)

This is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitides. This vaccine is used to prevent an inflammation of the membranes that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.

Infants and children age 0–10 years with certain health conditions (such as a non-functioning spleen) Need one or both meningococcal vaccines

Vaccine: Pneumococcal conjugate (PCV)

This vaccine is used to protect infants, young children, and adults against disease caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae.

The kid needs 4 doses of Prevnar (PCV). The first dosage is given at 2 months, the second at 4 months, the third at 6 months, and the fourth at 12–15 months. Some children also need a dose of Pneumovax (PPSV).

  1. Vaccine: Polio (IPV)

This can be vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio).

Your child needs 4 doses of polio vaccine (IPV). The first dose is given at 2 months, the second one is at 4 months, the third is at 6–18 months, and the fourth at 4–6 years.

  1. Vaccine: Rotavirus (RV)

The vaccine protects against a virus that is the most common cause of severe diarrhea and vomiting in young kids worldwide.

Child needs 2–3 doses of rotavirus vaccine (RV), depending on the brand of vaccine. The first dose is given at 2 months, the second is at 4 months, and the third (if needed) is at 6 months.

Kanza Sheikh

Freelance writer My main responsibilities here included the content, page planning, writing and publication of three magazines titles varying in content from Business, to Social and Weddings.
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